Study design (if review, criteria of inclusion for studies)
Randomized controlled trial
Children with CF between the ages of 2 and 17
Music therapy (MT). Specifically composed and recorded instrumental music as an adjunct to ACT. The authors compared the use of specifically composed music (Treated Group, TG), music that the patient liked (Placebo Group, PG), and no music (Control Group, CG) during the usual ACT routine
The primary outcomes, i.e., enjoyment and perception of time, were evaluated via validated questionnaires. The secondary outcome, i.e., efficiency, was evaluated in terms of avoided healthcare resources.
Enjoyment increased after the use of the specifically composed music (children +0.9 units/parents +1.7 units; p<0.05) compared to enjoyment with no music (0 units) and familiar music (+0.5 units). Perception of time was 11.1 min (Â±3.9) less than the actual time in the TG (p<0.05), 3.9 min (Â±4.2) more than the actual time in the PG and unchanged in the CG. The potential cost saving related to respiratory exacerbations was â¬6,704.87, while the cost increased to â¬33,524.35 in the CG and to â¬13,409.74 in the PG.
The specifically composed, played and compiled instrumental recorded music is an effective adjunct to ACT to establish a positive response and is an efficient option in terms of avoided costs.